Artificial Intelligence is a potential weapon of mass-destruction (WMD), and must be regulated and overseen by We the People.
The Earth Party has a plan for doing this. To learn more, see our page on Technology vs. Technocracy.
"We should build A.I. because it will be able to provide us with answers about some of the deepest questions of Existence - like, where the Universe came from, whether there's a God or not, and so forth. Isn't it worth it, just to find out those answers?"
But how do we know the things it's learning are actually correct? And wise? And balanced?
Intelligence is about more than the ability to solve mathematical puzzles. If a machine can beat you at chess, that doesn't mean it can be you at living life, and navigating all the complexities of the totality of reality.
You're just assuming it's smart because you made it (or your civilization made it). And you think you're the smartest creatures that ever lived, so your creations MUST be smart. But your species is not that smart. In fact, right now, cows are smarter than humans, because at least they're not dumping toxic waste all over the planet and making the place uninhabitable. This species of ours is dumb, and whatever "Intelligence we build out of computers will be dumb like we are.
What makes you think we can build something smarter than we are?
What makes you think an intelligence of "n" can ever create an intelligence of "n+1"?
"Because it can beat us at chess!" you say. "And solve super hard puzzles!"
But chess isn't life. Cunning is not the same as wise. We could build an A.I. that can untie the Gordian Knot in a single Planck Time, and it still wouldn't know how to coexist with Mother Nature in a living ecosystem, and it would destroy its own physical foundations - just like our species is currently doing - and the civilization would be unsustainable and eventually collapse, the electricity would go out, and that's the end of your "god."